Dashboard Functions Reference
This topic lists all the functions you can use in Sisense's formula editor.
Note:
If you are looking for information about the functions for custom tables and fields, see Data Functions for Custom Tables and Fields.
At the top level, the functions in this reference are organized into sections for statistical, mathematical, time, measured value and "other" functions. In addition, functions are further subdivided as follows:
 Aggregative functions are marked with (A) next to their names. This includes important functions such as Sum, Average, Count, Median, and so on.

Multipass compatible functions are marked with (M) next to their names. The Multipass Declaration  ([Dimension], Aggregation) is a group by statement that is used with aggregate functions to group the result set by one column and return a list. For example, the formula
AVG([Brand], SUM([Cost]))
calculates the average of total cost per brand. 
Functions that are only supported for ElastiCubes are marked with (EC) next to their names. All other functions are supported for both ElastiCube and Live models.
Important note:
The Analytical Engine requires that every measure defined in the formula editor be aggregative. For example, instead of DDiff([Discharge Time], [Admission Time])
, use AVG(DDiff([Discharge Time], [Admission Time]))
.
The examples found here do not always include a wrapping aggregation function, even though one will be required by the formula editor. (The example screen shots do include a wrapping aggregation function  because otherwise, they wouldn't work.)
Statistical Functions
Statistical Functions Supported by ElastiCube and Live Models
These statistical functions are supported for both ElastiCube and Live models.
Aggregative Functions
average()
Calculates the average of the given aggregation, grouped by another field.
Syntax (basic)
Avg(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
AVG([Score])
Returns the mean (average) of the given scores.
Syntax (multipass)
Avg(<groupby field>, <aggregation>(<numeric field>))
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<groupby field>  Any database column containing numeric or textual values by which you are grouping the results 
<aggregation>  Aggregation function (such as an average, sum, or minimum) 
<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
AVG([Product], SUM([Sales]))
Returns the mean (average) of the total sales per product.
count()
Counts the number of unique values within the given values.
Syntax
Count(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
COUNT([Category ID])
Returns the number of different category IDs within the given list of items.
dupcount()
Returns the actual item count of the given list of items, including duplicates.
Syntax
DupCount(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
DUPCOUNT([Category ID])
Returns the actual count of category IDs in the list of items.
largest()
Returns the kth largest value in a field.
Syntax
LARGEST(<numeric field>, <k>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<k>  Any number to indicate the ordering of the value in the list of values 
Example:
LARGEST([Total Sales], 3)
Returns the thirdlargest Total Sales value.
max()
Returns the maximum value among the given values.
Syntax
Max(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
MAX([Total Revenue])
Returns the item with the maximum Total Revenue.
Calculates the median of the given values. The median of a set of data is the middlemost number in the set. The median is also the number that is halfway into the set.
SyntaxMEDIAN(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
MEDIAN([Total Revenue])
Returns the item whose Total Revenue is the middlemost number in the set.
min()
Returns the minimum value among the given values.
Syntax
Min(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
MIN([Total Revenue])
Returns the item with the minimum Total Revenue.
mode()
Returns the most frequently occurring value from the column.
Note:
If there is more than one mode value, the Mode function returns one of them randomly.
Syntax
MODE(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
MODE([Country ID])
Returns the country ID that is the most frequently occurring in the list of items.
Nonaggregative Functions
contribution()
Calculates the percentage of the total.
Syntax
Contribution(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
CONTRIBUTION([Total Sales])
Returns the percentage of total sales per group (e.g., per day or per product) out of total sales (for all days or all products).
percentile()
Returns the kth percentile value from the given field.
Syntax
PERCENTILE(<numeric field>, <k>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<k>  Any number between 0...1 (inclusive) to indicate percentiles 
Example:
PERCENTILE([Total Sales], 0.9)
Returns the 90th percentile of Total Sales.
quartile()
Returns the kth quartile for the given field. Can return minimum value, first quartile, second quartile, third quartile, and max value.
Syntax
QUARTILE(<numeric field>, <k>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<k> 
Use these values to indicate the quartile:

Example:
QUARTILE([Item], 1)
Returns the first quartile of the given item.
rank()
Returns the rank of a value in a list of values.
Syntax
RANK(<numeric field>, [DESC/ASC], [Rank Type], [<groupby field 1>,... , <groupby field n>])
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values, or any calculation returning numeric values 
[DESC/ASC]  Optional. By default, sort order is ascending 
[rank type] 
Optional. Use these values to select ranking type:

[<groupby field 1>,... , <groupby field n>]  The groupby field must be presented in the widget 
Example:
RANK([Total Cost], "ASC", "1224", [Product], [Years])
The rank of the total annual cost per each product, sorted in ascending order.
stdevp()
Returns the Standard Deviation of the given values (Population). Standard deviation is the square root of the average squared deviation from the mean. The standard deviation of a population gives researchers the amount of dispersion of data for an entire population of survey respondents.
Syntax
STDEVP(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field> 
Any database column containing numeric values. Date and Time data types are not supported. Convert these types to custom numeric fields. 
Example:
STDEVP([Score])
Returns the Standard Deviation of the given values in the population.
stdev()
Returns the Standard Deviation of the given values (Sample). Standard deviation is the square root of the average squared deviation from the mean. A standard deviation of a sample estimates the amount of dispersion in a given data set, based on a random sample.
Syntax
STDEV(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field> 
Any database column containing numeric values. Date and Time data types are not supported. Convert these types to custom numeric fields. 
Example:
STDEV([Score])
Returns the Standard Deviation of the given values in the sample.
varp()
Returns the Variance of the given values (Population). Variance (Sample) is the average squared deviation from the mean, based on an entire population of survey respondents.
Syntax
VARP(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field> 
Any database column containing numeric values. Date and Time data types are not supported. Convert these types to custom numeric fields. 
Example:
VARP([Grade])
Returns the variance of grades in the student population.
var()
Returns the Variance of the given values (Sample). Variance (Sample) is the average squared deviation from the mean, based on a random sample of the population.
Syntax
VAR(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field> 
Any database column containing numeric values. Date and Time data types are not supported. Convert these types to custom numeric fields. 
Example:
VAR([Grade])
Returns the variance of grades in a random sample.
Statistical Functions Supported by ElastiCube Only
These statistical functions are only supported for ElastiCubes.
Aggregative Functions
correl()
Returns the correlation coefficient of two numeric fields.
Syntax
CORREL(<numeric field a>, <numeric field b>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field a> 
Any database column containing numeric values. Date and Time data types are not supported. Convert these types to custom numeric fields. 
<numeric field b> 
Example:
CORREL([Revenue], [Cost])
Returns the correlation between revenue and cost.
Returns the correlation coefficient of two fields aggregations grouped by another field.
Syntax
CORREL(<groupby field>, <aggregation a>, <aggregation b>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<groupby field>  Any database column containing numeric or textual values by which you want to group 
<aggregation a>  Aggregation function (such as an average, sum, or minimum) of a numeric field 
<aggregation b>  The same aggregation function on another numeric field 
Example:
CORREL([Products], AVG([Revenue]), AVG([Cost]))
Returns the correlation between the average of revenue and cost per product.
covarp()
Returns the population covariance of <numeric field a> and <numeric field b>.
Returns the population covariance of two fields aggregations, grouped by another field.
Syntax
COVARP(<numeric field a>, <numeric field b>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field a> 
Any database column containing numeric values. Date and Time data types are not supported. Convert these types to custom numeric fields. 
<numeric field b> 
Example:
COVARP([Revenue], [Cost])
Returns the population covariance of revenue and cost.
Syntax
COVARP(<groupby field>, <aggregation a>, <aggregation b>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<groupby field>  Any database column containing numeric or textual values by which you want to group 
<aggregation a>  Aggregation function (such as an average, sum, or minimum) of a numeric field 
<aggregation b>  The same aggregation function on another numeric field 
Example:
COVARP([Products], AVG([Revenue]), AVG([Cost]))
Returns the population covariance of the average revenue and the average cost per product.
covar()
Returns the sample covariance of <numeric field a> and <numeric field b>.
Returns the sample covariance of two fields aggregations, grouped by another field.
Syntax
COVAR(<numeric field a>, <numeric field b>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field a>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<numeric field b>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
COVAR([Revenue], [Cost])
Returns the sample covariance of revenue and cost.
Syntax
COVAR(<groupby field>, <aggregation a>, <aggregation b>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<groupby field>  Any database column containing numeric or textual values by which you want to group 
<aggregation a>  Aggregation function (such as an average, sum, or minimum) of a numeric field 
<aggregation b>  The same aggregation function on another numeric field 
Example:
COVAR([Products], AVG([Revenue]), AVG([Cost]))
Returns the sample covariance of the average revenue and the average cost per product.
skewp()
Returns the skewness of the distribution of a given value in the population.
Syntax
SKEWP(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field> 
Any database column containing numeric values. Date and Time data types are not supported. Convert these types to custom numeric fields. 
Example:
SKEWP([Score])
Returns the skewness of the distribution of scores in the population.
skew()
Returns the skewness of the distribution of a given value in a sample.
Syntax
SKEW(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field> 
Any database column containing numeric values. Date and Time data types are not supported. Convert these types to custom numeric fields. 
Example:
SKEW([Score])
Returns the skewness of the distribution of scores in the sample.
slope()
Returns the slope of a linear regression line through the provided series of x and y values.
Syntax
SLOPE(<numeric not datetime>, <numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric not datetime> 
Any database column containing numeric values. Date and Time data types are not supported. Convert these types to custom numeric fields. 
<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
SLOPE([month.int], [Total Sales])
Returns the slope of the regression line that represents a trend of items sold for each month.
Nonaggregative Functions
expondist()
Returns the exponential distribution for a given value and a supplied distribution parameter lambda.
Syntax
EXPONDIST(<numeric field>, <lambda>, <cumulative (true/false)>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<lambda>  Any number 
<cumulative> 
TRUE = Cumulative distribution function FALSE = Probability density function 
Example:
EXPONDIST(COUNT([Leads]), 2, False)
Returns the exponential distribution density of the number of leads per country where lambda is 2.
intercept()
Returns the intercept of a linear regression line through the provided series of x and y values.
Syntax
INTERCEPT(<numeric not datetime>, <numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric not datetime> 
Any database column containing numeric values. Date and Time data types are not supported. Convert these types to custom numeric fields. 
<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
INTERCEPT([month.int], [Total Sales])
Returns the intercept of the regression line that represents the trend of items sold for each month.
normdist()
Returns the standard normal distribution for a given value, a supplied distribution mean and standard deviation.
Syntax
NORMDIST(SUM<numeric field>, (Mean(<numeric field>), All(<numeric field>)),
(standard deviation(<numeric field>), All(<numeric field>)), <cumulative (true/false)>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<mean>  Any number representing the distribution mean 
<standard deviation>  Any number representing the standard deviation 
<cumulative> 
TRUE = Cumulative Normal Distribution Function FALSE = Normal Probability Density Function 
Example:
NORMDIST([Score], (Mean([Score]), ALL([Score])), (STDEV([Score]), ALL([Score])), False)
Returns the normal probability density of a given student score.
poissondist()
Returns the Poisson distribution for a given value and a supplied distribution mean.
Syntax
POISSONDIST(<numeric field>, <mean>, <cumulative (true/false)>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<mean>  Any number representing the distribution mean 
<cumulative> 
TRUE = Cumulative distribution function FALSE = Probability mass function 
Example:
POISSONDIST([Score], (Mean([Score]), ALL([Score])), (STDEV([Score]), ALL([Score])), False)
Returns the Poisson probability density of a given number of scores.
tdist()
Returns the student's Tdistribution for a given value and a supplied number of degrees of freedom.
Syntax
TDIST(<numeric field>, <degrees_freedom>, <cumulative (true/false)>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<degrees_freedom>  Any value 1 representing the degrees of freedom 
<cumulative> 
TRUE = Cumulative Distribution Function FALSE = Probability Density Function 
Example:
TDIST([Score], 3, TRUE)
Returns the student's Tdistribution of a given score, with 3 degrees of freedom.
Mathematical Functions
Mathematical Functions Supported by ElastiCube and Live Models
These mathematical functions are supported for both ElastiCube and Live models.
Aggregative Functions
sum()
Calculates the total of the given values.
Syntax
Sum(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
SUM([Cost])
Calculates the total Cost across all items.
Nonaggregative Functions
abs()
Returns the absolute value of the given value.
Syntax
Abs(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
ABS([Cost])
When the value is 2 or 2 the absolute result is 2.
acos()
Returns the angle, in radians, whose cosine is the given numeric expression. Also referred to as arccosine.
Syntax
ACOS(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
ACOS([Total Revenue])
Returns the angle, in radians, whose cosine is the given total revenue.
For a detailed example of how to use Acos to determine the distance between two points using latitude and longitude (for logistical purposes such as delivery service, flights, the distance between customers, etc.), see here.
asin()
Returns the angle, in radians, whose sine is the given numeric expression. Also referred to as arcsine.
Syntax
ASIN(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
ASIN([Total Revenue])
Returns the angle, in radians, whose sine is the given total revenue.
atan()
Returns the angle in radians whose tangent is the given numeric expression. Also referred to as arctangent.
Syntax
ATAN(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
ATAN([Total Revenue])
Returns the angle in radians whose tangent is the given total revenue.
ceiling()
Returns a number rounded up away from zero, to the nearest multiple of significance.
Syntax
CEILING(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
CEILING([Total Cost])
For example, when the cost is 83.2 it is rounded up to 84.
cos()
Returns the trigonometric cosine of the given angle (in radians).
Syntax
COS(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
COS([Average Angle])
Returns the trigonometric cosine of the average angle.
cot()
Returns the trigonometric cotangent of the given angle (in radians).
Syntax
COT(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
COT([Average Angle])
Returns the trigonometric cotangent of the average angle.
exp()
Returns the exponential value of the given value.
Syntax
EXP(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
EXP([Sales])
Returns the exponential value of sales.
floor()
Returns number rounded down, toward zero, to the nearest multiple of 1.
Syntax
FLOOR(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
FLOOR([Revenue])
For example, when the revenue is 88.6 it is rounded down to 88.
ln()
Returns the basee logarithm of the given value.
Syntax
LN(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
LN([Cost])
Returns the base elogarithm of the interest rate.
log10()
Returns the base10 logarithm of the given value.
Syntax
LOG10(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
LOG10([Revenue])
Returns the base10 logarithm of the interest rate.
mod()
Returns the remainder after a number is divided by a divisor.
Syntax
MOD(<numeric field>, <divisor>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<divisor>  Any number you want to divide by 
Example:
MOD([Cost], 10)
For example, this returns 5 when the cost is 255, (5 is the remainder after 255 divided by 10).
power()
Returns the results of the given value raised to a supplied power.
Syntax
Power(<numeric field>, <power>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<power>  Any number you want to raise by the power of 
Example:
POWER([Revenue], 2)
Returns the value of the revenue raised by the power of 2.
quotient()
Returns the integer portion of a division.
Syntax
QUOTIENT(<numeric value>, <divisor>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<divisor>  Any number you want to divide by 
Example:
QUOTIENT([Cost], 2)
For example, this returns 2 when the cost is 5, (2 is the integer portion of 5 divided by 2).
round()
Returns number rounded to a specified number of digits.
ROUND(<numeric field>, <num_digits>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<num_digits>  The number of digits you want to round to 
Example:
ROUND([Revenue], 2)
Returns the revenue value rounded to two decimal places.
sin()
Returns the trigonometric sine of the given angle (in radians).
Syntax
SIN(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
SIN([Average Angle])
Returns the trigonometric sine of the average angle.
sqrt()
Returns the square root of the given value.
Syntax
SQRT(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values. Accepts only positive values. 
Example:
SQRT([Cost])
Returns the square root of cost.
tan()
Returns the trigonometric tangent of the given angle (in radians).
Syntax
TAN(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
TAN([Average Angle])
Returns the trigonometric tangent of the average angle.
Mathematical Functions Supported by ElastiCube Only
These mathematical functions are only supported for ElastiCubes.
cosh()
Returns the hyperbolic cosine of the given value.
Syntax
COSH(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
COSH([Total Revenue])
Returns the hyperbolic cosine of the total revenue.
sinh()
Returns the hyperbolic sine of the given value.
Syntax
SINH(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
SINH([Total Revenue])
Returns the hyperbolic sine of the total revenue.
tanh()
Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the given value.
Syntax
TANH(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
TANH([Total Revenue])
Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the total revenue.
TimeRelated Functions
sdiff()
Returns the difference between <end time> and <start time> in seconds.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
SDiff(<end time>, <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<end time>  Any column containing dates 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
SDIFF([Landing Time], [Leaving Time])
Returns the difference in seconds from the time of landing on the page to the time of leaving the page.
Here is an example of using the SDiff function to return the number of seconds between a create date and the update date:
Syntax
SDiff(NOW(), <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

NOW()  The query execution time (according to the Sisense server). Used to calculate the difference in seconds between the start time and now. 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
SDIFF(NOW(), [Leaving Time])
Returns the difference in seconds between the time of landing on the page and now.
mndiff()
Returns the difference between <end time> and <start time> in minutes.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
MnDiff(<end time>, <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<end time>  Any column containing dates 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
MNDIFF([Landing Time], [Payment Completed Time])
Returns the difference in minutes from the time of landing on the page to the time of leaving the page.
Here is an example of using the MnDiff function to return the number of minutes between a create date and the update date:
Syntax
MnDiff(NOW(), <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

NOW()  The query execution time (according to the Sisense server). Used to calculate the difference in minutes between the start time and now. 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
MNDIFF(NOW(), [Payment Completed Time])
Returns the difference in minutes between the time of landing on the page and now.
hdiff()
Returns the difference between <end time> and <start time> in hours. Returns whole numbers.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
HDiff(<end time>, <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<end time>  Any column containing dates 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
HDIFF([Attendance time],[Check in time])
Returns the difference in hours between the checkin time to the Emergency Room and time of attendance by the doctor. Returns whole numbers.
Here is an example of using the HDiff function to return the number of hours between a create date and the update date:
Syntax
HDiff(NOW(), <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

NOW()  The query execution time (according to the Sisense server). Used to calculate the difference in hours between the start time and now. 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
HDIFF(NOW(),[Check in time])
Returns the difference in hours between the checkin time to the Emergency Room and now. Returns whole numbers.
ddiff()
Returns the difference between <end time> and <start time> in days.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it returns null.
Syntax
DDiff(<end time>, <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<end time>  Any column containing dates 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
DDIFF([Discharge Time], [Admission Time])
Returns the difference in days from the time of admission to hospital to the time of patient discharge.
Here is an example of using the DDiff function to return the number of days between a create date and the update date:
Syntax
DDiff(NOW(), <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

NOW()  The query execution time (according to the Sisense server). Used to calculate the difference in days between the start time and now. 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
DDIFF(NOW(), [Admission Time])
Returns the difference in days between the time of admission to hospital and now.
mdiff()
Returns the difference between <end time> and <start time> in months. Returns whole numbers.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
MDiff(<end time>, <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<end time>  Any column containing dates 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
MDIFF([Departure Time], [Arrival Time])
Returns the difference in months from the time a ship departs from its departure port to the time of arrival in its destination port. Returns whole numbers.
Here is an example of using the MDiff function to return the number of months between a create date and the update date:
Syntax
MDiff(NOW(), <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

NOW()  The query execution time (according to the Sisense server). Used to calculate the difference in months between the start time and now. 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
MDIFF(NOW(), [Arrival Time])
Returns the difference in months between the time a ship departs from its departure port and now. Returns whole numbers.
qdiff()
Returns the difference between <end time> and <start time> in quarters. Returns whole numbers.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
QDiff(<end time>, <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<end time>  Any column containing dates 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
QDIFF([StartSemester], [EndSemester])
Returns the difference in quarters from the first academic semester to the graduation semester. Returns whole numbers.
Syntax
QDiff(NOW(), <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

NOW()  The query execution time (according to the Sisense server). Used to calculate the difference in quarters between the start time and now. 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
QDIFF(NOW(), [EndSemester])
Returns the difference in quarters between the first academic semester and now. Returns whole numbers.
ydiff()
Returns the difference between <end time> and <start time> in years. Returns whole numbers.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
YDiff(<end time>, <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<end time>  Any column containing dates 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
YDIFF([membership end], [membership start])
Returns the difference in years from the start of the membership to the end of the membership. Returns whole numbers.
Syntax
YDiff(NOW(), <start time>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

NOW()  The query execution time (according to the Sisense server).
Used to calculate the difference in years between the start time and now. 
<start time>  Any column containing dates 
Example:
YDIFF(NOW(), [transaction date])
Returns the difference in years between the transaction date and now. Returns whole numbers.
Here is an example of the YDiff function being used with NOW():
diffpastweek()
Returns the difference between this week's data and the data from the previous week.
Use this function when the time resolution used in your widget is day or week. Otherwise, it does not display correct data.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
DiffPastWeek(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
DIFFPASTWEEK([Total Sales])
Returns the difference between this week's sales and previous week's sales, for the displayed time resolution.
For day resolution: (sales in current day  sales in same day one week back)
For week resolution: (sales in current week  sales in previous week)
diffpastmonth()
Returns the difference between this month's data and the data from the previous month.
Use this function when the time resolution used in your widget is 'month'. Otherwise, it does not display correct data.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
DiffPastMonth(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
DIFFPASTMONTH([Total Sales])
Returns the difference between this month's sales and previous month's sales, for the displayed time resolution.
For day resolution: (sales in current day  sales in same day one month back)
diffpastquarter()
Returns the difference between this quarter's data and the data from the previous quarter.
Use this function when the time resolution used in your widget is 'month or 'quarter''. Otherwise, it does not display correct data.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
DiffPastQuarter(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
DIFFPASTQUARTER([Total Sales])
Returns the difference between this quarter's sales and previous quarter's sales, for the displayed time resolution.
For month resolution: (sales in current month  sales in same month one quarter back)
For quarter resolution: (sales in current quarter sales in previous quarter)
diffpastyear()
Returns the difference between this year's data and the data from the previous year. All time resolutions in the widget are available for this function (year, quarter, month, week, day).
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
DiffPastYear(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
DIFFPASTYEAR([Total Sales])
Returns the difference between this year's sales and previous year's sales, for the displayed time resolution.
For month resolution: (sales in current month  sales in same month one year back)
For quarter resolution: (sales in current quarter  sales in the same quarter one year back)
For week resolution: (sales in current week  sales in same week one year back)
diffpastperiod()
Returns the difference between this period's data and the data from the previous period.
Formula: (current value  compared value).
Accepts any time resolution (day, week, etc.).
The active time resolution is determined by the lowest time resolution of the widget elements from the filters and slicers. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
DiffPastQuarter(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
DIFFPASTPERIOD([Total Sales])
Returns the difference between this period's sales and the previous period's sales.
growth()
Calculates growth over time. Growth compares the results of two calculations, each based on a different time period, and the result is the union of all results, where at least one valid result is returned. +100 will indicates that only one valid result was returned.
Formula: (current value  compared value) / compared value.
Accepts any time resolution (day, week, etc.) in the widget.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
Growth(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
GROWTH([Total Quantity])
If this month your Total Quantity is 12, and last month it was 10, your Growth for this month is 20% (0.2). Calculation: (12  10) / 10 = 0.2
If this year your Total Quantity is 80, and last year it was 100, your Growth for this year is 20% ( 0.2). Calculation: (80  100) / 100 = 0.2
growthrate()
Calculates growth over time. Growth compares the results of two calculations, each based on a different time period, and the result is the union of all results, where at least one valid result is returned. +100 will indicates that only one valid result was returned.
Formula: (current value  compared value) / compared value.
Accepts any time resolution (day, week, etc.).
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
GrowthRate(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
GROWTHRATE([Total Quantity])
If this month your Total Quantity is 12, and last month it was 10, your Growth Rate for this month is 12/10 = 120% (1.2). Calculation: 12 / 10 = 1.2
If this year your Total Quantity is 80, and last year it was 100, your Growth for this year is 80/100 = 80% ( 0.8). Calculation: 80 / 100 = 0.8
growthpastweek()
Calculates the growth from the past week to the current week. Growth compares the results of two calculations, each based on a different time period, and the result is the union of all results, where at least one valid result is returned. +100 will indicates that only one valid result was returned.
Use this function when the time resolution in your widget is weeks or days. Otherwise, it does not display any data.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
GrowthPastWeek(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
GROWTHPASTWEEK([Total Sales])
Calculates the difference between this week's sales and previous week's sales, for the displayed time resolution.
For day resolution: (sales in current day  sales in same day one week back) / sales in same day one week back
For week resolution: (sales in current week  sales in previous week / sales in previous week)
growthpastmonth()
Calculates the growth from the past month to the current month. Growth compares the results of two calculations, each based on a different time period, and the result is the union of all results, where at least one valid result is returned. +100 will indicates that only one valid result was returned.
Use this function when the time resolution in your widget is month or day. Otherwise, it does not display any data.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
GrowthPastMonth(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
GROWTHPASTMONTH([Total Sales])
Calculates the difference between this month's sales and previous month's sales, for the displayed time resolution.
For day resolution: (sales in current day  sales in same day one month back) / sales in same day one month back
growthpastquarter()
Calculates the growth from the past quarter to the current quarter. Growth compares the results of two calculations, each based on a different time period, and the result is the union of all results, where at least one valid result is returned. +100 will indicates that only one valid result was returned.
Use this function when the time resolution in your widget is month or quarter. Otherwise, it does not display any data.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
GrowthPastQuarter(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
GROWTHPASTQUARTER([Total Sales])
Calculates the difference between this quarter's sales and previous quarter's sales, for the displayed time resolution.
For month resolution: (sales in current month  sales in same month one quarter back) / sales in same month one quarter back
For quarter resolution: (sales in current quarter  sales in previous quarter) / sales in previous quarter
Calculates the growth from the past year to the current year. Growth compares the results of two calculations, each based on a different time period, and the result is the union of all results, where at least one valid result is returned. +100 will indicates that only one valid result was returned.
Use this function when the time resolution in your widget is week, month, quarter, year.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
GrowthPastYear(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
Example:
GROWTHPASTWEEK([Total Sales])
Calculates the difference between this year's sales and previous year's sales, for the displayed time resolution.
For week resolution: (sales in current week  sales in same week one year back / sales in same week one year back)
For month resolution: (sales in current month  sales in same month one year back / sales in same month one year back)
pastday()
Returns the value for the previous day. Accepts the time resolution day.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
PastDay(<numeric field>, <Numeric of periods>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<number of periods>  Optional. The number of prior periods to use for the calculation 
Example:
PASTDAY([Total Sales], 2)
If you are looking at a specific day, you will see the value for 2 days prior to the day specified.
pastweek()
Returns the value for the same period in the previous week. Accepts the time resolutions day, week.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
PastWeek(<numeric field>, <number of periods>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<number of periods>  Optional. The number of prior periods to use for the calculation 
Example:
PASTWEEK([Total Sales], 2)
Returns the Total Sales value two weeks back for the displayed time resolution.
If you are looking at a specific day, you will see the value of the same day two weeks back.
pastmonth()
Returns the value for the same period in the previous month. Accepts the time resolutions day, month.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
PastMonth(<numeric field>, <number of periods>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<number of periods>  Optional. The number of prior periods to use for the calculation 
Example:
PASTMONTH([Total Sales], 2)
Returns the Total Sales value two months back for the displayed time resolution.
If you are looking at a specific day, you will see the value of the same day two months back.
pastquarter()
Returns the value for the same period in the previous quarter. Accepts the time resolutions day, month, quarter.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
PastQuarter(<numeric field>, <number of periods>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<number of periods>  Optional. The number of prior periods to use for the calculation 
Example:
PASTQUARTER([Total Sales], 2)
Returns the Total Sales value two quarters back for the displayed time resolution.
If you are looking at a specific day, you will see the value of the same day two quarters back. If you are looking at a specific month, you will see the value of the same month two quarters back.
pastyear()
Returns the value for the same period in the previous year. Accepts any time resolution (day, week, etc.).
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null. The formula calculation succeeds if both the presentation scope calculation and past date scope calculation return values. Otherwise, it, else returns null.
Syntax
PastYear(<numeric field>, <number of periods>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values. 
<number of periods>  Optional. The number of prior periods to use for the calculation. 
Example:
PASTYEAR([Total Sales], 2)
Returns the Total Sales value two years back for the displayed time resolution.
If you are looking at a specific day, you will see the value of the same day two years back. If you are looking at a specific month, you will see the value of the same month two years back.
wtdavg()
Returns the running average starting from the beginning of the week up to the current day. The formula gets the active date scope from the filters and presentation scope, and can calculate over future dates.
Returns null if the active time resolution is years, quarters, or months.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
WTDAvg(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
Example:
WTDAVG([Total Sales])
Returns the running average of Total Sales starting from the beginning of the week up to the desired day.
wtdsum()
Returns the running total starting from the beginning of the week up to the current day or week. The formula gets the active date scope from the filters and presentation scope, and can calculate over future dates.
Returns null if the active time resolution is years, quarters, or months.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
WTDSum(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
Example:
WTDSUM([Total Sales])
Returns the running total of Total Sales starting from the beginning of the week up to the current day.
mtdavg()
Returns the running average starting from the beginning of the month up to the current day. The formula gets the active date scope from the filters and presentation scope, and can calculate over future dates.
Use this function when the active time resolution in your widget is 'days'. Returns null if the active time resolution is quarters or years or weeks.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
MTDAvg(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
Example:
MTDAVG([Total Quantity])
Returns the running Total Quantity average starting from the beginning of the month up to the current day.
mtdsum()
Returns the running total starting from the beginning of the month up to the current day. The formula gets the active date scope from the filters and presentation scope, and can calculate over future dates.
Use this function when the active time resolution in your widget is 'days'. Returns null if the active time resolution is quarters or years or weeks.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
MTDSum(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
Example:
MTDSUM([Total Quantity])
Returns the running total of Total Sales starting from the beginning of the month up to the current day.
qtdavg()
Returns the running average starting from the beginning of the quarter up to the current day or month. The formula gets the active date scope from the filters and presentation scope, and can calculate over future dates.
Returns null if the active time resolution is weeks.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
QTDAvg(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
Example:
QTDAVG([Total Sales])
Returns the running average of Total Sales starting from the beginning of the quarter up to the desired day or month.
qtdsum()
Returns the running total starting from the beginning of the quarter up to the current day or month. The formula gets the active date scope from the filters and presentation scope, and can calculate over future dates.
Returns null if the active time resolution is weeks.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
QTDSum(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
Example:
QTDSUM([Total Sales])
Returns the running total of Total Sales starting from the beginning of the quarter up to the current day or month.
ytdavg()
Returns the running average starting from the beginning of the year up to the current day, week, month, quarter or year. The formula gets the active date scope from the filters and presentation scope, and can calculate over future dates.
Returns null if the query is invalid or returns no result.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
YTDAvg(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
Example:
WTDAVG([Total Sales])
Returns the running average of Total Sales starting from the beginning of the week up to the desired day, week, month, quarter or year.
ytdsum()
Returns the running total starting from the beginning of the year up to the current day, week, month, quarter or year. The formula gets the active date scope from the filters and presentation scope, and can calculate over future dates.
Returns null if the query is invalid or returns no result.
The active time resolution is determined by the minimum date level of the date dimension used for presentation and filtering. If there is no active time resolution, the formula returns null.
Syntax
YTDSum(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
Example:
YTDSUM([Total Sales])
Returns the running total of Total Sales starting from the beginning of the year up to the current day, week, month, quarter or year.
Measured Value Functions
These functions only work as part of a measured value, not by themselves. See Measured Values for more information.
all()
Changes the scope of a measure calculation to ignore a dimension being used in the widget for presentation or as a filter.
This function can only work as part of a measured value, not by itself.
Note:
The All function is a way to ignore a filter while calculating the results of the formula. It does not eliminate the filter applied on the dimension itself.
Syntax
All(<any data type>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<any data type>  Any groupable database column. (Not restricted to dates.) 
Example:
(SUM([Items]),ALL([Years in Date]))
When used for a widget that has a filter to show last year's data, this formula will ignore the filter in the calculation.
Here is an example of a widget using the All function to ignore the grouping by Date filtering:
Here is an example of a widget using the All function to ignore grouping according to the values in the Age Range, (a text column):
prev()
Returns the Time period Member in <time field> which is N periods back from the current member.
This function can only work as part of a measured value, not by itself.
This function works will all time resolutions. However, make sure that the active time resolution in the widget matches the time resolution in the function.
Example:
(SUM([Quantity]),PREV([Months in Date]))
For this function the active time resolution must be "months".
Syntax
((<numeric field>), Prev(<time field>, <N>))
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<time field>  Any database column containing dates 
<N>  Optional. The number of time periods to go back. 
Example:
(SUM[Quantity],PREV([Months in Date],2))
This formula returns the Total Quantity value for the month that occurred two months ago.
In the following example, the first column is the date (grouped by year), the next 2 columns are different ways to get the same total revenue for each year, column 4 uses Prev to return the values from the previous year, and column 5 uses Prev with the optional field to return the values from 2 years prior:
In this case, Prev is overriding the default yearly groupby filtering for the Revenue, and causing the Revenue to be filtered according to the previous year, (or earlier, based on the optional field).
next()
Returns the value for the timeperiod member in <time field> which is N periods after the current member.
This function can only work as part of a measured value, not by itself.
This function works will all time resolutions. However, make sure that the active time resolution in the widget matches the time resolution in the function.
Example:
(SUM([Quantity]),NEXT([Weeks in Date]))
For this function the active time resolution must be "weeks".
Syntax
((<numeric field>), Next(<time field>, <N>))
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<time field>  Any database column containing dates 
<N>  Optional. The number of time periods to go forward. 
Example:
(SUM([Quantity]),NEXT([Months in Date],2))
This formula returns the total quantity value for the month that is two months ahead.
In the following example, the first column is the date (grouped by year), the next 2 columns are different ways to get the same total revenue for each year. Column 4 uses Next to return the values from the following year, and column 5 uses Next with the optional field to return the values for 2 years later:
In this case, Next is overriding the default yearly groupby filtering for the Revenue, and causing the Revenue to be filtered according to the following year, (or later, based on the optional field).
now()
Returns the value for the current time period. The Now function receives a date dimension and its level and returns all the members in that dimension which match the current query execution time.
This function can only work as part of a measured value, not by itself.
Use this function when the time resolution in your widget is day, month, quarter, year.
Syntax
((<numeric field>), Now(<time field>))
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric values 
<time field>  Any database column containing dates 
Example:
(SUM([Quantity]),NOW([Months in Date]))
This formula returns the total quantity value for the current month.
Here is an example of a widget using the Now function to only return the values for the current year, (2023):
Other Functions
Other Functions Supported by ElastiCube and Live Models
These functions are supported for both ElastiCube and Live models.
case()
Returns the <result expression> of the first <condition> that evaluates as true. If no condition is true, the <result expression> for the ELSE is returned, (if defined).
Syntax
(WHEN <condition> THEN <result expression> [...] [ELSE <result expression>] END)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<condition>  Any formula or a function that is evaluated. 
<result expression>  Any number, formula or a function that is returned if the relevant condition is true. 
Example:
{put in code block}CASE
WHEN SUM([Sales]) < 100 THEN 1
WHEN SUM([Sales]) < 1000 THEN 2
ELSE 3
END
Returns '1' when the Total Sales value is between 100 and 1000. Returns '2' if the Total Sales value is above 1000. Returns '3' in any other case (meaning, when Total Sales are below 100).
if()
Returns <numeric expression 1> when the <condition> is true, and it returns <numeric expression 2> when the <condition> is false. Nested conditional statements are supported.
Syntax
IF(<condition>, <numeric expression 1>, <numeric expression 2>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<condition>  Boolean expression 
<numeric expression 1>  Returned when <condition> is true 
<numeric expression 2>  Returned when <condition> is false 
Example:
IF(COUNT([Sales])>100, SUM([Sales])*1.1, SUM([Sales]))
If the number of unique values within the Sales values is larger than 100, the function will return the Total Sales x 1.1 (sales increase of 10%). Otherwise  if the number of unique values within the Sales values is lower than 100, will return only the Total Sales, without an increase.
Here is an example of a widget that uses the If function. In column 3 it indicates that the number of sales (revenue records) for Brand ID 1 is less than 4 by displaying the numeric value "0". In column 4 it indicates that the number of sales*2 (which equals 6) is greater than 4 by displaying the numeric value "999":
Note:
Row level operations are only supported on aggregations, with the exception of arithmetic operators* on fields inside aggregations. For example, Sin(Sum(cost))
is valid, but Sum(Sin(cost))
is not valid. The products of these operations are called calculated facts because they are calculated in query time, but they are only allowed on dimensions that are known to be used for aggregation. The Calculated Dimension feature, which enables performing operations over dimensions that are used in pivots, such as subString(“age range”, 1, 2)
, is not supported.
*Arithmetic Calculated Fact  Applying operations on fields on formulas is supported only for arithmetic operations, such as “+”, “”,”/”,”*”.
Therefore, please note the following limitations and potential workaround for the IF formula.
Limitations:

The IF formula only works when the parameters are aggregated. For example,
Sin(Sum(cost))
is valid, butSum(Sin(cost))
is not valid. 
Calculated Fact is only partially supported.
Workaround:
Add a custom column with the IF formula with the nonaggregated parameters.
Returns true if the expression does not contain data (Null), where the dimensions used in the query for presentation return any data.
Syntax
IsNull(<numeric field>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
Example:
Can be used as a condition when writing conditional statements.
now()
When the Now function is used without any arguments it returns the query execution time (according to the Sisense server).
Syntax
Now()
For example, here is the NOW() function being used by the YDiff function:
rsum()
Returns the running total of the measure by the defined dimension according to the current sorting order in the widget.
By default, RSUM accumulates a measure by the sorting order of the dimension. To accumulate by another order, the relevant measure should be added as an additional column and sorted.
Syntax
RSUM (<numeric field>),
RSUM (<numeric field>, <continuous>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
<continuous>  A Boolean value that accumulates the sum continuously when there are two or more dimensions. The default value is FALSE. 
Limitations
Usually, when sorting by value (measure) where there are multiple slicers, the widget is sorted by both value and all slicers other than the last slicer.
When adding filters such that only one row remains for each slicer, the pivot table is sorted only by value and is not sorted by slicer:
RSUM is highly dependent on the sorting. Therefore, when there is only one row per slicer, and the widget’s sorting is lost, the continuous RSUM column and other values' columns do not match.
Note:
Filtering the RSUM column by Values will filter the dimensions and recalculate the RSUM from the first filtered value.
Example:
RSUM([Total Revenue], FALSE)
Returns the running total of the Total Revenue measure.
Other Functions Supported by ElastiCube Only
These functions are only supported for ElastiCubes.
ordering()
Returns the numeric order position of rows sorted into ascending or descending order, breaking ties with further arguments.
The expressions must be aggregated by applying the MIN/MAX functions.
Syntax
ORDERING(<expression1>, <expression2>)
Arguments
Argument  Description 

<numeric field>  Any database column containing numeric data 
Example:
ORDERING(MIN([Sales Person Name]), MIN([Days in Transaction_Date]), 1*SUM([Sales]))
rdouble()
Returns a numeric result for a given R expression and a list of numeric values.
The R expression is passed to the running Rserve.
Syntax
{use code block} RDOUBLE(<R expression>, [<ordering>], <numeric value 1>, [<numeric value 2>, ..., <numeric value n>])
RDOUBLE(<recycle>, <R expression>, [<ordering>], <numeric value 1>, [<numeric value 2>, ..., <numeric value n>])
Argument
Argument  Description 

<R expression> 
Your R code, wrapped in double quotes. R expects the return type to be an array with the same size as widget's row count. Nulls will be used to make up for shorter arrays, and longer arrays will be trimmed. Use single quotes to wrap strings within your R code, so that there will be no doublequote collision with the quotes wrapping your R code. 
<Numeric Field> 
Numeric values can be passed as arguments to your R code. All arguments are passed to R as a 1based list named "args". Each item in the list contains an array that represents the field. Example:

<Ordering> 
Optional. Defines the sort order in which numeric data is sent to R. The argument of the Ordering parameter can be an index in your data source or you can use the ORDERING() function to determine the order of your fields. This function arranges the values of the arguments into ascending or descending order, breaking ties by further arguments. Example: 'ORDERING([Total Sales], 1*[COUNT Salesman], MIN(<Office Name>))' For more information about the ORDERING() function, click Ordering (EC). 
<recycle> 
Optional. Controls whether the results from R should be recycled (cached), so that consequent queries will not have to be recalculated unless they or the data have changed. Generally, this behavior is automatically managed by the ElastiCube automatically. However, since R code might have nondeterministic components to it (such as randomality functions or datespecific functions), the ElastiCube cannot rely on a dataset and function that has not changed not to return a different result in multiple executions. TRUE (default)  Results will be cached for unchanged functions and data. FALSE  Results will not be cached. Use this option if your R code contains randomality or other nondeterministic content. 
Example:
RDOUBLE("m < log(matrix(unlist(args), ncol=2)); kmeans(m,3)$cluster", [Total Cost], [Total Revenue])
Returns the kmeans cluster (R expression) of the args: [Total Cost] and [Total Revenue].
For additional discussion on using RDouble and how to do advanced forecasting with R, see here.
rint()
Returns an integer result for a given R expression and a list of numeric values.
The R expression is passed to the running Rserve.
Syntax
{use code block} RINT(<R expression>, [<Ordering>], <numeric value 1>, [<numeric value 2>, ..., <numeric value n>])
RINT(<recycle>, [<Ordering>], <R expression>, <numeric value 1>, [<numeric value 2>, ..., <numeric value n>])
Argument
Argument  Description 

<R expression> 
Your R code, wrapped in double quotes. R expects the return type to be an array with the same size as widget's row count. Nulls will be used to make up for shorter arrays, and longer arrays will be trimmed. Use single quotes to wrap strings within your R code, so that there will be no doublequote collision with the quotes wrapping your R code. 
<Numeric Field> 
Numeric values can be passed as arguments to your R code. All arguments are passed to R as a 1based list named "args". Each item in the list contains an array that represents the field. Example:

<Ordering> 
Optional. Defines the sort order in which numeric data is sent to R. The argument of the Ordering parameter can be an index in your data source or you can use the ORDERING() function to determine the order of your fields. This function arranges the values of the arguments into ascending or descending order, breaking ties by further arguments. Example: 'ORDERING([Total Sales], 1*[COUNT Salesman], MIN(<Office Name>))' For more information about the ORDERING() function, click Ordering (EC). 
<recycle> 
Optional. Controls whether the results from R should be recycled (cached), so that consequent queries will not have to be recalculated unless they or the data have changed. Generally, this behavior is automatically managed by the ElastiCube automatically. However, since R code might have nondeterministic components to it (such as randomality functions or datespecific functions), the ElastiCube cannot rely on a dataset and function that has not changed not to return a different result in multiple executions. TRUE (default)  Results will be cached for unchanged functions and data. FALSE  Results will not be cached. Use this option if your R code contains randomality or other nondeterministic content. 
Example:
RINT("m < log(matrix(unlist(args), ncol=2)); kmeans(m,3)$cluster", [Total Cost], [Total Revenue])
Returns the kmeans cluster (R expression) of the args: [Total Cost] and [Total Revenue]
For additional discussion on using RInt and how R works with Sisense, see here.